The normative approach establishes the concept of responsibility. Probably no human association is exclusively political in all aspects. Society is another important topic of sociology and the sociologists devote a considerable part of their analysies to the exploration of various aspects of society Students of politics also treat society with considerable emphasis. It was to be supplemented by willing and purposive involvement in social action for social change. It emphasises the dynamic nature of t he discipline and calls attention to the fact that the forces controlling the form and behaviour of the State and similar to those that operate in other institutions. No doubt it is true that Political Science does not strictly observe the theory of cause and effect but it goes without saying that every political incident has its own causes and effect.
For a proper and effective comparison it has been suggested that the similarities and the dissimilarities are to be put in different groups. Of course, how much caution the historian will take cannot be said before-hand. Because not all rules and structures have been reduced to law, the legal approach to politics and the institutional approach had never completely coalesced. The sources of British constitution are historical facts or incidents. These approaches are mainly concerned with scientific study of politics.
According to Gettell and Bluntschli, Political Science bears the character of art also. Another classification of political approach is empirical analysis of political events. People experience many other relationships than power and authority, experience such as love, respect, purpose, dedication, shared beliefs, and so on. In the contemporary Greek city-states of Plato morality, moral values and idealism degraded to such an extent that he received a great shock and seriously thought to revive these and this urge prompted him to write The Republic. Professor Gilchrist very correctly regards this method as the chief method of studying political phenomena. Philosophical Approach : Meaning and Nature of Philosophical Approach: Philosophical approach is another traditional or classical approach of studying politics.
Bentley does not believe in groups without their interests. Most eminent exponents of this approach are David Etson, Robert, A. For example, in England the Conservative Party fundamentally differs from the Labour Party in their approach to the political and economic problems of their country. His treatment of history is really unique. Dealing with the term Political Sciences Dr. Thomas More 1478-1535 imagined of a Utopia or an imaginary state.
Singling out institutions and neglecting individuals cannot be pronounced as proper methods of studying politics. Historical study of political phenomena enables us only in a very limited sense to choose the correct and suitable means for attaining the end of political life. Gabriel Almond is a follower of this approach. History tells us how government, political parties and many other institutions worked, their successes and failures and from these we receive lessons which guide us in determining the future course of action. Article shared by : Meaning of Approach: From the days of ancient Greek political thought scholars, philosophers and political scientists have analysed, investigated various types of political issues and incidents from the standpoint of their own perspective and on the basis of the study they have arrived at conclusions and prescribed recommendations. In physical or chemical science there exists an agreed method and more or less all researchers and scientists apply those agreed methods. It assumes that there is a continuous interaction between the political and economic forces and separating one from the other is not possible.
It regards organised society, not as a social or political phenomena, but a purely juridical regime, an 'ensemble' of public law, rights and obligations, founded on a system of pure logic and reason. But before proving the scientism of Political Science, it seems to be absolutely essential to define the term 'science'. Politics is sometimes defined as the struggle for power. Sometimes the approaches employed by political scientists differ in content from the approaches used by other social scientists. Class struggle between them is the cause of political antagonism.
They are: Sociological, Comparative, Dogmatic, Juridical, the methods of good sense and the historical method. He was an American academia who served as the 18th president of mount Holyoke. Therefore, it becomes necessary to seek the help of history, if we wish to learn about the origin and development of a political institution. It is very difficult to find out which particular cause has helped in the happening of the particular political incident. The State is imaginary and it is the Government that gives it a practical shape.
It is a matter of regret that China first of all agreed in 1954, to follow the Indian path of Panch Sheel with regard to the solution of the problem of Tibet but later on it abandoned that path and occupied many Indian posts. These approaches believe that since facts and values are closely interlinked, studies in Political Science can never be scientific. In the words of Professor R. For example, we study in chemistry that when we mix one portion of oxygen into two portions of Hydrogen; the result is the formation of water. The enquiry started by the philosophical approach removes confusion about the assumptions. The best method thus arises out of the blending of the philosophical and the historical methods.
Historical Approach: The historical approach believes political theory emerged as a result of socio economic crisis and the impact they had on great thinkers. Individuals are the component parts of the social organism. His great disciple Aristotle followed the footsteps of Plato and elaborated the ideal state. Verification: The behaviouralists do not want to accept everything as granted. Under this heading we also study ancient political institutions and administrations so that we may have the knowledge of the systematic development of modern institutions. The institutionalists have been charged of being biased, because they have neglected the individuals who form the institutions. Behavioural approach: Among the modern empirical approach, the behavioural approach, to study political science grabbed notable place.
It is the store-house of incidents pertaining to human life. Likewise, Aristotle also visited several countries with a view to widening his mental horizon and adding to his knowledge. Philosophical approach, it is claimed, enhances linguistic clarity. As a matter of fact there are forces or factors that militate against the actualization of this aim which include; Problem of measurement, Bias, Complexity, Inability to experiment, self fulfilling and self defeating prophesies. Do you not by this action you are attempting intend to destroy.