Family as a primary group fulfils the primary needs of a child like food, sleep, personal care and love. He is very much status conscious and does not usually trust the initiative of employees. Someone near the top of the organizations hierarchy has a higher status. There must also be a shared understanding that the group supports the norms. The cross- functional and multi-department teams must work together effectively. All of them would be unanimous about such qualities as the ability to think and act independently, the ability to show personal initiative, take reasonable risks and ability to take responsibility for actions, professionalism, be picky to the quality of personal work and many other qualities.
In other words out groups are those to which a person does not belong. Smaller groups and those who spend considerable time together also tend to be more cohesive. Occasionally an individual may be influenced by a group which he dislikes. She or he meets deadlines and is on time. Below you can see the difference between group and team in an organization, explained in tabular form. Because social interaction among them does not exist.
After a leader is selected, team members are informed of the objectives and when goals are expected to be attained. More a person identifies with a group with the hope of satisfaction of his needs, more will be the loyalty to that group. Family, friends, and religious affiliations are strong reference groups for most individuals. Effective leadership can shape a group into a powerful force for accomplishing what individual members could not or would not do alone. Where leadership problems arise, it is important to find solutions and build team leader effectiveness. But even this conclusion must be regarded cautiously because the authoritarian leader has been unreasonably harsh and austere in a number of investigations reporting superior morale in democratic groups.
But someone who is seriously maladjusted and very rigid, fails to accommodate himself to the norms of the group and hence sometimes is considered as an indisciplined and dissatisfied member of the group having low morale. People may underestimate the importance of society and group memberships on their lives. Each of the four groups was exposed to each of the three kinds of leadership. Encouragement We put a high premium on encouragement. It might not have initially been formed to serve all these ends as certain goals may grow even after the formation of the group. The various problems of the club were being discussed among the group members and they were also consulted in various decision making process. It is therefore concluded that the passive silent presence of an audience in a coacting group can markedly facilitate performance but impair learning.
Often, a group member's status is linked to the person's position in the organization. Individual develops a feeling of antagonism towards his out group. When two or more individuals are classed together either by the organization or out of social needs, it is known as a group. Thus only collection of individuals without a common purpose does not make a social group. Children under the autocratic leadership showed mostly two kinds of actions: a either the children were forced to show apathy and indifference b or they responded to different stimuli and situations with aggressiveness. Having run groups for years in a clinical setting as a licensed counselor, many of the characteristics of running a successful discipleship group are quite similar. Respect The Rules From the beginning, we established rules for our group.
Cattell and Stice 1954 have indicated that leadership qualities are usually specific to particular measures of personality, criteria for status and situations. Those groups to which a person actually belongs informally or formally is designated as his membership group. Persons possessing certain patterns of motives like high need for power plus a high degree of self control are more successful as leaders than persons not possessing these traits. Commitment Commitment is key in effective small groups. This stage is characterized by members seeking either a work assignment in a formal group or other benefit, like status, affiliation, power, etc. No wonder, the group may finally disintegrate. Creativity: The team should value creative thinking, unique solutions, and new ideas; and reward members who take reasonable risks to make improvements.
Characteristics of Group behaviour in an Organisation These characteristics of group behaviour act as a means of understanding why some groups perform better than others. Groups with low levels of cohesion have greater difficulty exercising control over their members and enforcing their standards of behaviour. A member is considered to be expressing creative individualism if they only accept the pivotal norms but not the peripheral. For example, employees who form an informal group can either discuss how to improve a production process or how to create shortcuts that jeopardize quality. Out group have the following characteristics: 1 Out group is always defined in relation to in group. No individual has any existence apart from his group.
On about a monthly basis, I receive a request from a church for resumes of possible small-group pastors, and even more frequently someone communicates with me wanting me to send their resume to churches searching for a small-group pastor. Charles Handy 1993:150 defines group as 'any collection of people who perceive themselves to be a group'. But among them some have also the need to be a good sports man, singer, N. The activities of such groups directly or indirectly influence our behaviour though we are not members of such group. Results showed that in a democratic atmosphere ego involvement was more.
Imam Ghazali is also of the view that for the satisfaction of various needs the people formed social groups. They are typically created in order to facilitate group survival, make behaviour more predictable, avoid embarrassing situations, and express the values of the group. This includes student books, follow-up devotional journals, T-shirts, and bundles. In group members identify themselves with the group as a whole. For this, a suitable software can be used and assistance of experts in different domains sought. Motivation works as a cohesive and binding force. A labour union is not only interested with planning grievances and asking for the redressal from the authority, it has also other purposes like organising cultural functions, and promoting good relation among different workers of the factory.