Thuggee: The great William Henry Sleeman destroyed thuggee cult who murdered 2 million+ Indians. The district was divided into tahsih. He translated some ancient Indian works like the Manu Smriti. Second phase was: Industrial phase 1813-1858 With development of British industries, India was exploited by its colonial masters as a market for British goods. But India was not a free country. The laws and reforms were totally in their favor and never heeded to the needs of the Indian farmers.
Each of the thirteen colonies had a charter, or written agreement between the colony and the king of England or Parliament. This was a smart way to protest because if the British reacted violently to the peaceful protests, then it. This company was named the East India Company. A large part of their salary bill was spent on highly paid foreign staff. He's amongst 20 great people of the state. But, as a result of foreign rule and exploitation, and of a backward agrarian and industrial economic structure—in fact as the total outcome of its historical and social development—India presented the paradox of a poor people living in a rich country.
These kings always had arguments and disagreements with their neighboring counterparts. Unfortunately, i … t is still practiced heavily in India especially in Haryana and Punjab where female to male ratio is at an all time low. The heaviness of land revenue—the government claimed ten-elevenths of the rental—and the rigid law of collection, under which the zamindari estates were ruthlessly sold in case of delay in payment of revenue, worked havoc for the first few years. Half of the gross produce of the soil is demanded by government. References Ainslie Thomas Embree , 1962.
They built new schools and colleges in order to spread the English language and thereby to educate the common man. Even to this day, we can find Portuguese remnants in the lands of Goa. After 1813, the trade was captured by the East India Agency Houses. Many of the pictures and scenes from the past can be seen even today. Now, Indians were forced to export their raw materials to Britain and import the finished goods. Architecture: Victoria terminus in Bombay is a world heritage site.
Economic Impact Of The British Rule In India Essay Sample Introduction: The British rule over the India lasted for more a couple of centuries and rendered long lasting effects in the entire Sub-Continent socially, politically and economically. What was worse was that even ordinary implements were centuries old. Even Kerala school of Mathematics was uncovered by this department. The legislature enacted the laws for the country, the executive implemented them, and the judiciary was responsible for maintaining the rule of law. Stable economy: Unlike many Indian rulers who made arbitrary land tax and other such laws to increase their revenues as for and when they needed, British kept the uniforms tax rules throughout their time in India which helped in stabilizing the economy. English education, too, continued to flourish.
By 1757, the army of the British East India Company along with the French allies had also beaten the Nawab of Bengal at the Battle of Plassey. They wanted people to render services for the British Empire, so they built many schools and colleges during their 200 year rule. There was not a single agricultural college in Bengal, Bihar, Orissa and Sind. They argued back that the pattern of foreign trade was unfavourable to India. They were made to forget their gloriuos history. A half-anna postage stamp would carry a letter from one part of the country to another. These administrators were called the Orientalists.
Indian army fought alongside the British and supplied the second largest army with Australia and Canada to save the world. They want to imitate the American accent without knowing the rudiments of English grammar. In this way, it was due to the British impact that India inherited the representative or parliamentary institutions. Social Change: All these policies brought about a great social transformation. They imposed high taxes on cotton imports from India as a result of which the export of Indian cotton declined to 50%.
Education: One of the greatest contribution of the British rule in India was the introduction of the western education in the, country. It did a great harm to the Indian industry. No proportional increase in land revenue was made, as the disastrous consequences of demanding extortionate revenue became obvious. An example of this neglect of the peasant and agriculture was the step motherly treatment meted out to public works and agricultural improvement. It was more difficult and costlier to distribute Indian goods than to distribute imported goods. The British Invasion Following the Portuguese, the Dutch also made their away to our lands and soon after; they were followed by the British.
They then supported the strong kingdom and when the kings warred against each other, they secretly supported both of them. This increasing pressure on agriculture was one of the major causes of the extreme poverty in India under British rule. Created, Designed and Developed New Delhi 10. Religious differences: Britishers for the first time started the hatred of communism between the Hindus and Muslims of India which later led to the division of the country into India and Pakistan. The extreme poverty of the overwhelming majority of peasants left them without any resources with which to improve agriculture by using better cattle and seeds, more manure and fertilisers, and improved techniques of production. To make them familiar with the existing Muslim and Hindu laws, Warren Hastings established the Calcutta Madarsa in 1781 and Jonathan Duncan set up the Sanskrit College at Varanasi in 1792. They found it possible and therefore preferred to increase their income by further squeezing their tenants rather than by making productive investments in their lands.
These policies hampered income and employment potential within India. A big reform came by in the name of education under the British. It may be noted here that though India was divided into British India and Native States of India, but the British Resident who was de facto ruler in the native states was the member of the Civil Service which controlled the whole country. We can best understand this impact by knowing the changes they brought about in various fields. Emergence of New Classes: As a result of the British policy there emerged in the agrarian sector new social classes. India imported goods worth 10.