It is the result of the voluntary effort, which though motivated by different factors, is spontaneous in nature. For example, a board meeting agenda might review the budget for the next fiscal year to approve it, determine if current membership dues or fundraising efforts are meeting the budget needs and set the activity calendar for events and fundraisers the organization plans to do in the next period of time. Date of Submission: 29th August 2011. Social welfare administration — S. Certain groups of people and particular factors are linked to an increased risk of experiencing health problems. The data were collected in the month of October 2013 to March, 2014. Thus, a new religious awakening was aroused by voluntary associations.
This paper emphasizes that dialogue and negotiation among stakeholders are the vehicles through which sustainable community development projects are established, implemented and monitored. The basic commitment of the people engaged in voluntary organizations is for the development of economic and social life of concerned community. To participate therefore means to share in decisions about goals and objectives, about what should be done, how and by whom. The above theoretical perspective bring out certain characteristics which are inherent in the voluntary organizations. Managing the inherent complexity requires a process of comprehensive engagement and negotiation with a broad range of stakeholders and the conscious and strategic acknowledgement of their divergent values and interests, needs and expectations. Primary Audience Individuals who complete this Independent Study course should be Federal, State, and local emergency managers, members of voluntary agencies, and the general public who are involved in emergency management activities and require an understanding of the roles of voluntary agencies throughout the disaster cycle.
Post-Independence Scenario Soon after independence, Gandhi advised that the Indian National Congress should be disband as a political party and it should be transformed into a Lok Sevak Dal. With the name of the organization or the tax identification number, anyone can see if an organization is current with its status. In voluntary organizations, typically, it is up to the organization founder to create the duties of the board members including chairman duties, or it is left up to the membership. An Elected Board Official The chairman of the board is not the owner of the organizations, nor is he the end-all answer to all issues. Along this line, Wahab 2000 observed that people in developing nations have until recently looked up to their governments to meet their basic socio-economic demands. Access to such resources has been positively associated with levels of physical activity among local residents. It gained a wide social recognition as an avenue of development during this period.
Their presence in a community may thus play a critical role in promoting healthy communities. The role of women in accelerated rural development has grown with time. The Panchayati Raj Institution is a statutory body elected by the local people through a well defined democratic process with specific responsibilities and duties. These characteristics are as follows: 1. As a result, help came to the disaster victim haphazardly as various organizations assisted in specific ways.
It has definite aims and objects, and programmes in fulfillment of these. The importance of voluntary organizations with regards to community participation lies in the fact that the mobilization of resources and support for any type of development activity does not necessarily involve the totality of the people in a project community at the same time. Also, on the other hand, the government started planning for development and in this effort, launched inter alia the schemes of Community Development Programme and later on the Green Revolution. These malignant tissues are old ortraditional economic, social,institutional, administrative, cultural system. This type of zealousness is not restricted to Nnewi town. The elected members are accountable to the people of the ward, rural community, block and the district. Religious Organizations The increasing tempo in religious activities in all Nigerian societies today has given fillip to the need for the evangelization of social development by various religious organizations and sects.
Without the support, dedication, and expertise of voluntary agencies, the government would be unable to address all the needs of disaster-affected communities. They respond to community felt needs rather than market demand or pressure. It is that action or activity which is not directed or controlled by the state. Jayavantha Nayak 2004 , Role of Voluntary Agencies in Rural Development and Self Employment Training. They constitute the media for resources mobilization to confront local challenges.
The urge to act in groups is fundamental in him. Many people including rulers have trod the path of service to their fellow beings and adopted it as their life mission ibid. In fact, a chairman who abuses his duties or fails to drive the organization forward may be subject to release from the board. If the organization has grown, the bylaws could be amended to require both the chairman and the treasurer's signature. It is around the late 18th and early 19th century that associations and organizations were being formed to render such activities in a more organized and permanent profile ibid. Orientation refers to the type of activities it takes on, these may include human rights, environmental protection or development works. It was observedthat wherever the people, especially in rural areas, have been approached, they have respondedwith eagerness.
Floods, fires, earthquakes, epidemic outbreaks and other kinds of calamities were the occasions which motivated people to voluntary help those who were trapped in disastrous situations. For example, highly formalized bureaucratic organizations may haveless impact because there is not much involvement of members in the daily activities. On the contrary, these organizations have their own rule of eligibility for admission and only those who meet these eligibility norms are accepted as members, albeit with the approval of the existing members. Leonard and Onyx 2003 explore the role of strong and weak ties in the context of voluntaryorganizations. Themajor responsibility of organizing social welfare services continued with the voluntaryorganizations. Service is the primary objective with a passion for the cause and making a difference. The voluntary organizations have contributed immensely in the development of rural communities basically for the social welfare of the community.