It is an important visual primary document because it symbolizes the strong impression that religion had on its younger Puritan offspring. She was the first person to be accused by the hysterical Abigail Williams of witchcraft, and was also the first of the accused to confess to communicating with Satan. Roach, Marilynne, In the Days of the Salem Witchcraft Trials Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1996 , 94. After gauging her situation in Massachusetts Colony, Tituba begins envisioning herself taunted and menaced by white hysterics. Salem Witch Trials from William A. Their initial accusations gave way to trials, hysteria, and a frenzy that resulted in further accusations, often between the differing factions.
Thesis Statement There were many people accused of Salem witch trials among them were specifically females. Some scholars believe that they were of African heritage, while others think that they may have been of Caribbean Native American heritage. Sarah Good and Osborn would have me hurt the children but I would not. One of my perspectives has already been brought up by another historian. The people in Salem were more focused on local matters than they were on building a new country. Primary Document 3: The Stamford Historical Society, Education Spelled Freedom, May 11, 2010. In the process Salem divided into pro- and anti-Parris factions.
The reason the Puritans in New England were so extreme in their religious ways was because they wanted to set an example. Accusations followed, often escalating to and executions. Salem Village tried to gain its own independence from Salem Town for quite some time but finally succeeded gaining its own church and minister in 1674. On February 29, under pressure from magistrates Jonathan Corwin and John Hathorne, the girls blamed three women for afflicting them: Tituba, the Parris' Caribbean slave; Sarah Good, a homeless beggar; and Sarah Osborne, an elderly impoverished woman. He brought to Salem Village his wife, their three children, a niece, and two slaves who were originally from Barbados—John Indian, a man, and , a woman. Over 150 more were jailed and some people died due to poor conditions in jail. Primary Document 1 : The Salem Witchcraft Papers, Abigail Williams v.
For example, one of the leading culprits had a previous conviction of a case in which they proclaimed her behavior as not only immoral but also a threat to the sustainability of the puritan lifestyle. An opening vignette: The Story of Tituba A Native American slave woman who was bought by William Parris in Barbados but in most likelihood originally from Guyana, Tituba is often misrepresented as an African American. She, along with her cousin Betty Parris, was among the original accusers that ignited the accusations and hangings that occurred during the Salem Witch Trials. If not, describe their philosophy regarding the Church of England. A young woman is led to her execution during the Salem witchcraft trials.
Their positions as weak agents of the Puritan lifestyle, alongside the series of confessions made by possessed young girls in the Salem community formed a credible reason to hanging the women, other than reliance on tangible evidence in the normal legal proceedings Reed 216. While the exact number of supposed witches killed in Europe isn't known, the best estimate is closer to tens of thousands of victims, not hundreds of thousands. Many people accused others of being witches if they disliked them or if they were outsiders in society. This is shown in the trail of the witch. At this point, anyone who was a family member of an accused witch was most likely to wind up in jail also. The girls, who these witches had supposedly inflicted sickness upon, were also present during these trials to show the court how much pain the three women had caused.
This of course leads to other questions such as what impact or role did the Puritan religious and social culture play in the way that the witch hunts preceded? When asked to identify their tormentors, they blamed Tituba, Sarah Good, and Sarah Osborn of witchcraft. Declining economic opportunity, the scarcity of land, and overall uncertain economic future undermined Puritan morals. These outcasts were innocent but became the victims of accusations without solid evidence. The girls blamed their condition on witchcraft. This led to the creation of the Salem Village and Salem Town. You will be expected to use the information that you gained in reading the primary source documents to put the video into perspective and use higher level thinking to connect the primary sources with the video.
The family called in doctors, and they were treated for many illnesses. The witch trials in Salem began when two little girls, Betty Parris age 9 and Abigail Williams age 11 , began to have strange fits. The final religious ground upon which the Salem Trial occurred was the assertion that there was a conspiracy by the religious ministers of the community to bring a witch scare, which would intimidate the people to return to church. Offer them the following instructions, and suggest that they distribute the reading evenly and return to discuss the questions after 10—15 minutes of reading. The Salem Witchcraft Trials were completely outrageous, convicting women with no solid evidence other than a villager saying that they themselves had seen the person practicing black magic.
The Salem Witch Trials I: Introduction Attention Getter: During the Salem Witch Trials, about 200 people would be accused of Witchcraft, 19 would be executed as witches, and one man is his 80's would be put to death by stacking stone upon stone on his chest. The is a derivative of ergot. . Sarah Osborne was also one of the first three women accused of putting spells on the girls and possessing them. Finally, in October of 1693, so many people were doubting the guiltiness of the witches that Governor Phips, governor of Massachusetts, decided to stop the trials and the executions. Even then, if they did not confess to being guilty, they were punished sometimes even killed.
The trials in themselves were a big contradiction. In 1689, English rulers William and Mary started a war with France in the American colonies. According to the historical perspectives, in tandem with the religious analysis of the Salem Trials, there are religious inputs that contributed to the initiation of the trials. The mention of the term revolution often bears a connotation that the society could be undergoing a transformation from of a regime of discomfort, to that of hope and prosperity. They said that three women in the village had cast spells on them: Tituba, the girls' servant who told them stories of witchcraft and probably gave them the idea; Sarah Good, a local beggar and homeless person; and Sarah Osborne, an old lady who rarely came to church. Not many were given the chance to prove themselves to be innocent.
Reports have indicated that approximately 78 percent of the total culprits accused of witchcraft between 1620 and 1725 were females. Massachusetts also repaid the survivors and the heirs for jail and court fees and for some property that the government had taken away from them. The displaced people created a strain on Salem's resources. These local concerns only compounded the severe social stresses that had already been affecting New England for two decades. One of these people was Increase Mather, who wrote Cases of Conscience.