A school or school district that is interested in adopting a student drug testing program should seek legal expertise so that it complies with all federal, state, and local laws. Another study on drug testing shows no difference in schools that have drug testing and those that do not. The substance abuse coordinator from your school should be able to tell you what drugs or substances your students are using and abusing. This has meant a dangerous practice has gotten even more dangerous. Supreme Court ruling in the Board of Education of Pottawatomie v. From 1998 through 2001, the percentage ranged from just over 14% of schools, peaking at just over 23% in 2000 then down to approximately 16% in 2001. Why test teenagers at all?.
All You Need to Know About School Drug Testing Drug testing is an important activity in schools to assess drug abuse among the youth. That said, if a student has illegal substances or is behaving as if she is under the influence, she can be tested. In 2013 almost half of high school seniors admitted to using an illegal substance at least once, according to the Monitoring the Future National Survey Results on Drug Use. Protesters ask why a student should be punished for an activity that is done outside of the campus assuming that taking of drugs is not performed within the school premises. However, within the context of high school sports competitions, drug testing is very essential to ensure fairness. With the many records of student athletes being arrested for alcohol and drug abuse, substance abuse has truly become a problem.
Drug testing alone will not be enough to stop the use of steroids and other drugs. Young people whose relationships with their fellow students and teachers lack respect are more likely to initiate and escalate use of drugs, as evidenced in this and other studies Fletcher et al. These are still drugs, but are performance reducing rather than enhancing. An employee who is not worried about being drug tested may not work as hard and slacking off tends to be the main catalyst of many workplace accidents. Adolescent drug use is usually sporadic, so even a kid who does use illegal substances may easily pass a random annual test and then feel comfortable to use freely for the rest of the year, she said.
A school or school district that is interested in adopting a student drug testing program should seek legal expertise so that it complies with all federal, state, and local laws. They cover almost half of the population of drug abusers with the availability of drugs as the main key factor. The court ruled this procedure as unreasonable. Reasonableness will depend on the circumstances. Research shows that drugs like cocaine, amphetamines, and marijuana are easily obtained from colleagues at school; otherwise, they are sold furtively in the black-market at affordable prices. Findings of the 1996 National Youth Gang Survey, conducted by the , which updates and expands the 1995 survey, shows results that are based on a sample of more than 3,000 law enforcement agencies and are nationally representative. Earls allows public schools to drug test middle and high school students who take part in competitive extracurriculars, states may set their own rules.
In addition, please read our , which has also been updated and became effective May 23rd, 2018. Although obviously drug taking should not be encouraged, there is a difference between taking something illegal to win and other rationales. The district implemented a drug testing policy that applied to all students participating in athletics, requiring each student to sign a form consenting to the random urinalysis testing policy before being allowed to participate in sports. The highest concern about testing teachers is whether or not their right to privacy might be being violated unjustly. Meanwhile, the pro drug test crowd will point to work place accidents and shoddy service as symptoms of rampant employee drug usage and continue to push for the maintenance of the current testing policies. The process begins with the athletic trainer of the sport calling you into their office and telling you to sign a sheet of paper saying that they have notified you of a drug test the next day at six in the morning.
Student Drug Testing Options Drug testing programs can be mandatory, as with interscholastic student athletes, voluntary as part of a student assistance program, or based on reasonable suspicion only. This ignores the fact that what they fear is not getting caught, but the loss of dignity and trust that the drug test represents. Cons of High School Drug Testing 1. This argument has also been used for the legalization of recreational drugs and has not been successful. When an employer does not drug test their employees, they are also placing themselves at risk of a lawsuit when an accident takes place that incapacitates employees who were not even to blame for the incident taking place. This is very important since medications like Tylenol® with codeine could be legally prescribed for a student following a tooth extraction and that student having a drug test would be positive for opiates. It sounded like a great idea when I first heard it: drug test high school students! Reputation of the Sport Athletics, cycling and baseball have all had reputations shattered by competitors taking illegal drugs.
Communities interested in starting student drug testing programs should become familiar with the law in their respective states to ensure proper compliance. Some athletic performance enhancers are not drugs at all. Conversely, if teens stay away from drugs while in high school, they are less likely to develop a substance abuse problem later in life…. The survey results which stated the decline of drug abuse among young students is a good sign that slowly, these children are taking care of themselves. As the primary individuals tasked with developing athletes and helping them achieve their goals, coaches should acquire a working knowledge of all areas affiliated with performance enhancement. Conclusion For every situation, there are some good and bad points. Since the June 1995 U.
More than 17 million people over age 18 were illicit drug users in 2007, according to the U. In fact, this argument has also been pushed to try and legalize recreational drugs, though it has not been successful—probably for good reason. The good and bad As a controversial policy, there are two sides to the debate. In addition, drug testing can lead to the discovery of things which are ought to be kept confidential such rare diseases or severe diseases. Aside that random drug testing is done unannounced; it becomes a disturbing surprise causing many other students to leave more important tasks and meetings. It is imperative coaches gain a familiarity with these aforementioned components in order to teach athletes about skill development and prepare them to achieve peak performance.
The said survey also showed that there is a higher rate of marijuana use among 12 th graders in states with laws compared to states without them. Long term: Repeated drug abuse can lead to serious problems, such as poor academic outcomes, mood changes depending on the drug: depression, anxiety, paranoia, psychosis , and social or family problems caused or worsened by drugs. Rather, the numbers the Illinois High School Association has released from its testing program for performance-enhancing drugs that all sports are subject to at the state series level show that student-athletes are rarely testing positive for drugs. Saliva Mouth Swab Drug Test for Students Drug testing can also be performed using. Therefore, schools often do weekend collection to deter the use of alcohol by their athletes. The test typically detects up to six kinds of drugs. The location of these drug tests are held in the Athletic Performance Center at six in the morning as well.
Performance enhancing drugs should be legal to provide better and faster healing, but anti-doping efforts should be betterly enforced for fairness of competitions and legitimacy of gold medal winnings. In essence, the Fourth Amendment protects people and their houses, papers and effects against unreasonable searches and seizures. Results showed that a policy of random drug testing surveillance significantly reduced self-reports of recent performance-enhancing substances and, to a lesser extent, common drugs of abuse but did not produce long-term changes in substance use and associated high-risk behaviors use among adolescent athletes. During a Rave a student may take as many as 15 hits of Ecstacy. Supreme Court said student drug testing for adolescents in competitive extracurricular activities is constitutional, does that mean it is legal in my city or state? The same thing with painkillers; as long as they are prescribed it and have filled out all the paperwork, which is done at the beginning of the year, then they are fine if it shows up on a drug test. A drug screen for alcohol done on Tuesday is not likely to find alcohol that was consumed on Saturday night.