The following notes describe the same basic book: Meigs, Cornelia, ed. Separate author, title, and publication information with a period followed by one space. House of the carnivorous plants. These are things that would be known by nearly everyone. Levinson, David, and Melvin M. Today, with millions of volumes in libraries, it is only through the use of good bibliographies that students can find their way to the knowledge they want. Most of the specific animal and plant information has been shared with us by the helpful staff at the , , Disney's Animal Kingdom, and during talks with guides and from informational signs posted.
The compiler of this type of bibliography sets as his or her task the recording of all printed material by and about an individual. Also use quotation marks for titles of unpublished works and songs. New York: Facts on File, Inc. When Do You Need a Bibliography? This would allow them to critique my own work on a much more informed basis. For example: To make a long story short.
The extent of the description of books in any bibliography depends upon the planned use of the list. An even more complete description of the volume could be accomplished by giving the titles and pages of the various sections of the volume contributed by each of the authors. Each section should be followed by a full stop. Whether the description is a simple one or a complete transcript of a title page, lack of accuracy keeps the user from identifying the correct edition. This way, when you are typing your bibliography you won't need to go back to the library and find any missing information.
How do you want your research described by others? There are several reasons why we use bibliographies. It shows readers where specific pieces of came from and where readers can locate it for themselves. The most basic information that each reference should have is the author's name, the title, the date, and the source. It also allows a writer to give proper credit for quotes or key phrases that have been written and presented in a source that they may have referenced in their paper so as to avoid plagiarism. A much more selective kind of bibliography is the subject bibliography.
. Don't forget to cite your sources by following the patterns shown in this lesson. In a subject bibliography all pertinent information helps the user decide whether or not that book will be of assistance. Before you compose your bibliography, you will need to develop your background research plan. In our household, we spend a lot of time doing hands on learning, supplemented by complementary reading. The Reference Page The reference page shows the long version of exactly where you got your information.
Next, type the full version of the title, centered one-third of the way down the page, capitalizing all of the important words. With your background research plan in hand, you will find sources of information that will help you with your science fair project. For instance, I may be completing a research paper on the behavior of chimpanzees both in the wild and in captivity. For dates, spell out the names of months in the text of your paper, but abbreviate them in the list of works cited, except for May, June, and July. The third major variety is individual bibliography. Whether that individual is an author, an artist, or a statesman, the problems involved in completing such a record are such that it often requires many years of research.
Our bibliography reflects this style. However, after you've done some rewriting and reworking of your paper, you may find that you really did need to include a source after all. As the literature of the world expanded, the importance of careful selection increased, and the bibliographer began to be a scholar rather than a clerk. The author-date system is traditionally used in , , and. Within that meaning there is a wide variety of material. Wu Xia and the Art of Scooter Maintenance. This is called citing, or giving credit to, a source.
That is why each source you use must be listed in a detailed bibliography with enough information for someone to go and find it by themselves. Whatever the length of the list, bibliographies are directories to a selection of printed materials, films, recordings, and maps compiled for a definite purpose. Such facts as binding colors, endpapers, illustrations, signatures, manuscript notes, and even typographical errors are carefully recorded. A bibliography is also typically included at the end of a research paper. This bibliography sample is provided to us by Purdue University. If a student creates a science fair project about thunderstorms, the student might watch a video prepared by a meteorologist that explains some aspects of thunder and lightning.
A is a list of sources on a particular subject, often considered a record of the most important works in any given field of study. Whenever possible, use the appropriate abbreviated forms for the publisher's name Random instead of Random House. This type attempts to record and classify printed materials about a single subject. To create this, type the first line of the citation aligned with the left margin. For any other use, please contact Science Buddies. The subject may be as general as the material included in The Education Index: A Cumulative Author and Subject Index to a Selected List of Educational Periodicals, Books, and Pamphlets.